EVALUATION OF SAFFRON (Crocus sativus L.) CULTIVARS GROWN UNDER AGRO CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF QUETTA VALLEY, BALOCHISTAN, PAKISTAN

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FAIQA AYUB
SAADULLAH KHAN LEGHARI
ABDUL HANAN
SHER AHMED
ABDULLAH BALOCH
TARIQ ISMAIL
SHAMIM GUL
ZSOLT PONYA

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted: one on the evaluation of three different saffron cultivars i.e., Local, Mongra and Sergul and the other one was examined the effects of corm size on the growth and production of local variety. Results showed that the small sized (less than 10 g) corms couldn’t produce flowers during the first year of planting. While maximum size corms (S-1 to S-5) produced good quality flowers. The significant higher number of flowers (412568/ha) were produced by S-1 corms followed by S-2 (187614/ha). Among different varieties of saffron (Local, Mongra and Sargul), the significantly higher number of flowers (214936.24flowers/ha) were produced by local variety which followed by Sargul. The higher yield of flowers can be attributed to longer flowering period (flowering days, i.e., 24) by local as compared to Sargul (17.66) and Mongra (13.66). These results showed that maximum corms (20-35 g) resulted in the higher production of flowers, higher yield stigma (Saffron) with higher number of daughter corms in the very first year of plantation. And the local varieties proved to be the best cultivar in terms of flower and saffron yield along with its other related yield components. So, this study revealed that the local variety of saffron is very much suitable for planting under agro-climatic conditions of Quetta, Balochistan Pakistan.

Keywords:
Saffron, environmental conditions, agronomic management, Quetta, Balochistan

Article Details

How to Cite
AYUB, F., LEGHARI, S. K., HANAN, A., AHMED, S., BALOCH, A., ISMAIL, T., GUL, S., & PONYA, Z. (2022). EVALUATION OF SAFFRON (Crocus sativus L.) CULTIVARS GROWN UNDER AGRO CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF QUETTA VALLEY, BALOCHISTAN, PAKISTAN. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 23(25-26), 17-30. Retrieved from https://www.ikppress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/7731
Section
Original Research Article

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